Αρχική B/W Photos

B/W Photos from PRAP Image Database


The results of excavation by Blegen of the central palatial structures, commencing in 1939, have been extensively published (PoN I-II). More recently, cleaning of the site as part of the preparation of a final site plan under the overall direction of Professor F. Cooper has produced further information regarding architectural phasing (annual reports in JHS-AR). In addition to excavation of the central palatial structures, Blegen also carried out tests in what he termed the 'Lower Town' (PoN III: 47-68), and excavated burial structures within the immediate vicinity of the palace: a large tholos tomb (Tholos IV; PoN III: 95-134) ca. 170 m. to the NE, an enigmatic structure termed by him the "Grave Circle" (probably another tholos tomb) 200 m. to the SW (PoN III: 134-76]), and a group of chamber tomb ca. 250-450 m. WSW (PoN III: 176-215).

PRAP has confined its investigation of the site to the surface remains outside the fenced area, including all those areas explored by Blegen. In particular, we carried out systematic tract-walking along the entirety of the Englianos ridge in 1992 to determine the probable maximum extent of the prehistoric settlement. Subsequently - in 1993 and 1994 - we collected artifacts on a 20-m. grid in those areas defined as most dense by tract-walking. This grid, comprising 474 squares, was divided into four quadrants, using the modern asphalt road as the division between N and S. Quadrant 1, therefore, lies NE of the palace; Q2 E and SE; Q3 (the smallest) SW; and Q4 (the largest) W and NW. Finally, on the basis of densities observed in the course of the grid collection, we carried out magnetometry[096.26] and resistivity[096.30] surveys in 1994 and 1995 primarily on the terraces W and SW of the palace structure - the area of Blegen's Lower Town and quite some distance beyond.

003.01 Site B02, Kavalaria: "sandstone" block from NE (0.745m x 0.350m x 0.430m)
003.02 Site B02, Kavalaria: block and associated material
003.03 Site B02, Kavalaria: church, N face with detail of door
003.04 Site B02, Kavalaria: church from NW
003.05 Site B02, Kavalaria: church, block with date
003.06 Site B02, Kavalaria: "feature" (pit) from W with Christina Clark (TM#17)
003.07 Site B02, Kavalaria: graves from NE
003.08 Site B02, Kavalaria: graves from N
003.09 Site B02, Kavalaria: tomb slabs from graves with cuttings as found
003.10 Site B02, Kavalaria: tomb slabs from graves with cuttings as found
003.11 Site B03, Zoodohos Piyi (1), deaccessioned site: possible ploughed tumulus, from N, general view showing road cutting
003.12 Site B03, Zoodohos Piyi (1), deaccessioned site: view from E showing possible chamber revealed in section
003.13 B team tract: view of tumbled masonry (?), from SE
003.14 B team tract: view of shaped stone (?) near tumbled masonry
003.15 B team tract: view looking SW down main rema (photo taken from SW corner tract); rema is border of area B.
003.16 Site B08, Triandafyllies: chamber tomb from S
003.17 Site B08, Triandafyllies: chamber tomb facade area
003.18 B team tract: terrace wall or architectural remains (?); close up of right side
003.19 B team tract: view of both bits of wall from farther down the hill


As a result of these investigations, we can say that the settlement surrounding the palace was much larger than previously estimated, perhaps 18 ha. (cf. UMME #1: 6.5 ha. minimum), bringing the total area of the site - including the palatial structures - to ca. 21 ha. We can also demonstrate the existence of material within that area extending from the EH/MH transition (notably in Q4) to LHIIIB as well as some PG and a small quantity of later material. The area of Q4 also yielded three fragmentary figurines (two human, one animal), numerous fragments of painted plaster, at least 7 loomweights and a spindle whorl.

Magnetometry and resistivity have produced encouraging results, suggesting the existence of a substantial linear feature some distance outside the modern fence to the W of the palace itself.

Two limestone blocks, spolia from the palace, were observed at site B1 ca. 2.5 km distant to the NE[003.09] and have been transferred to the palace site.
Intervisible sites

005.00 Site C05, Kato Englianos: tumulus
005.01 Site C05, Kato Englianos: tumulus
005.02 Site C05, Kato Englianos: worked block by second "tholos"
005.03 Site C05, Kato Englianos: worked block by second "tholos"
005.04 Site C05, Kato Englianos: house with built in ancient block
005.05 Site C05, Kato Englianos: small "tholos"
005.06 Site C05, Kato Englianos: small "tholos"
005.07 Site C05, Kato Englianos: tholos chamber
005.08 Site C05, Kato Englianos: tholos chamber & dromos
005.09 Site C05, Kato Englianos: tholos chamber & dromos
005.10 C team tract: scarp with pottery (Early to Late BA)
005.11 C team tract: possible millstone fragments
005.12 C team tract: sherds and scarp
005.13 C team tract: sherds and scarp
005.14 C team tract: sherds and scarp
005.15 C team tract: possible chamber tomb in scarp
005.16 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: chamber tomb
005.17 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: chamber tomb
005.18 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: chamber tomb
005.19 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: chamber tomb with possible later blocks at dromos
005.20 C team tract: sherds in scarp
005.21 C team tract: line of blocks in hillside
005.22 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: mound and ash pyre below Palace
005.23 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: mound and ash pyre below Palace
005.24 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: grindstone-like block near tholos of Palace
005.25 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: scarp with embedded pottery and stones
005.26 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: worked block at start of TM# 3's area
005.27 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: holes (tombs?) below Palace
005.28 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: holes (tombs?) below Palace
005.29 C team tract: possible worked blocked blocks found by TM# 30
005.30 Site B07, Palace of Nestor Lower Town: millstone by first walker in tract
005.31 C team tract: spring head at start of tract
005.32 C team tract: spring head at start of tract



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